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Vehicles and automotive components are subject to strict approval requirements with regards to the CCC certification in China. The CCC certificate was introduced in 2002 and applies to both imported and Chinese made products. CCC certification requires product testing in China and factory inspection/audit in accordance with the relevant standards (GB Standards and Implementation Rules). Similarly, change management must also adapt to the dynamics in the automotive sector and must be strategically prepared.
Complete vehicle homologation arises not only from the mandatory registration of individual components, but also from the need to coordinate the various component certifications as part of the overall homologation process. For the supplier industry, this means that in many cases the specifications for component approval are made by the OEM.
The management of this issue is also made complex by the fact that CCC certification of vehicles and automotive parts is not mandatory for all components in the automotive sector, some even cannot be certified, and some components are not subject to mandatory certification but still must prove conformity with Chinese regulations. This is not only confusing for the manufacturers, but also can be for Chinese customs authorities, which is why it is not uncommon for shipments to be detained or even rejected.
Different CCC certification types for automotive components:
The standard CCC certification is the official regulatory approval procedure according to the Chinese Implementation Rules of the CNCA (Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People’s Republic of China). As part of this procedure, products must undergo specific product tests in each case and production facilities must conduct a factory audit. The requirement for CCC approval applies to numerous automotive components such as safety glass, tires, child seats and more. You can find more information on our list of products, for which the Chinese CCC certification is relevant.
For many automotive components such as seats or exterior lights, CCC Self-Declaration is mandatory. The manufacturer must submit a declaration that it complies with Chinese safety standards on an ongoing basis and conducts regular product tests. The authority reserves the right to check this at any time. The easiest way to prove ongoing product conformity is with annual voluntary certification. CCC self-declaration and voluntary CQC/ CCAP certification are often combined. You can find more information in this overview about CCC Self-Declaration for China.
Voluntary CQC or CCAP certification can be applied for numerous components. The voluntary certification applies to many components that were CCC mandatory until recently, or for which a CCC Self Declaration is required now. In many cases, a CQC or CCAP voluntary certification is required by the vehicle manufacturer to ensure product conformity.
CCC certification for complete vehicles is especially complex. Under the following link you will find more information for vehicle manufacturers.
In addition, you can find information about consulting services for vehicle manufacturers.
CCC for Interior Components
Since October 2019, vehicle interior components no longer require a CCC certification in China, as per Announcement No. 44 by the Chinese authority CNCA. However, manufacturers must continue to ensure product conformity with Chinese regulations. For this purpose, voluntary CCAP certification or CQC certification can be useful and provide additional security. In most cases, the voluntary certification is required by the vehicle manufacturers when the vehicle is exported to China.
Questions and problems often occur regarding certification for automotive suppliers when it comes to the exact classification of products in the voluntary certification of interior trim components. To clarify whether an interior component can be voluntarily certified, various criteria must be checked, such as: Size of the component, location in the vehicle and function of the component. Usually, it can only be clearly determined whether a component can be certified after consultation with the Chinese authority.
As part of the voluntary CQC / CCAP registration, interior trimming components must undergo flammability tests in accordance with the Chinese test standard GB 8410-2006. These tests must be carried out in a Chinese accredited test laboratory.
Once it has been determined that a part can be certified, the unit classification must be determined to see how many applications, tests and certificates will be needed. Components are grouped into different certification units. The unit classification depends on the material(s), material suppliers, thickness, and assembly of the component. Which production site is responsible for the certification process should be thoroughly clarified with the Chinese certification authority. As a rule, the site where the final quality assurance step is taken on the component must be audited. There must be a value-add process prior to quality assurance at this location for it to be considered.
CCC Certification Marking
The marking of voluntarily certified interior components with the CCAP logo or CQC logo and factory code is voluntary. Currently, in most cases, a marking with a CCAP or CQC logo is not required in most cases.
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Relevant Norms & GB Standards for Automotive Components
According to the CNCA standard, a passenger car is subject to CCC certification as a complete vehicle. Numerous individual components also fall under CCC obligation, while others can only obtain voluntary CQC/ CCAP certification.
The vehicle manufacturer can test certain components as part of his complete vehicle homologation but this means a high time expenditure for changes to the supplier components. In addition, the components may not be marked with the CCC symbol. The certification of the component itself can be regarded as an efficient solution, to avoid problems with Chinese customs.
The GB standard (GB stands for Guobiao, Chinese for “National Standard”) forms the basis for the product tests. Product tests are a mandatory part of the CCC certification as well as voluntary CQC / CCAP certification. If a component cannot be assigned to a defined product group and does not have a corresponding GB standard, then CCC certification is not required.
Overview of the products that are subject to certification or which can be certified in the automotive sector:
|Product Type||Certification Type||Norms|
|Vehicle Tires||CCC||Green Label:
|Helmets for motorcyclists||CCC||CCAP-C11-15:2017
|Brake linings for automobiles||CCC||CCAP-C11-20:2020
|Restraint articles for children occupants of motor vehicles||CCC||CCAP-022-03:2014
|Safety Glazing Materials for Vehicles||CCC-SD (B)||CQC11-371152-2019
|Safety belt for vehicles||CCC-SD (B)||CCAP-GZ-5810:2019
|Motor vehicle exterior lighting and light signal devices||CCC-SD (B)||CCAP-GZ-4100:2019
|Indirect vision devices for motor vehicles||CCC-SD (B)||CCAP-GZ-8202:2019
|Automotive seats and seat headrests||CCC-SD (B)||CCAP-GZ-6800:2020
|Automobile driving recorder||CCC-SD (B)||CNCA-00C-008:2019
|Reflective body markings||CCC-SD (B)||CNCA-00C-008:2019
|Restraint articles for children occupants of motor vehicles||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-5830:2021|
|Motor vehicle horns and horns||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3721:2018A
|Reflectors for motor vehicles||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-4135:2018
|Brake hose for motor vehicles||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3561:2018A/
|Interior trimming||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-5101:2020
|Door locks and hinges for motor vehicles||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-6105:2019
|Fuel tanks for motor vehicles||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-1101:2021
|Motor-Vehicles Engine||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1041-2009A
|Car steering wheel||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3402-2006B
|Motorcycle engine||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SBM-1000:2018
|General gas spring for automobiles||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-2930-2003
|Car lighting and light signal device||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-CAMRA-003:2020|
|Auto Windshield Wiper||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-5205-2014B
|Auto Windshield Washer||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-5207-2014
|Steering lock with ignition switch||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3795-2003
|Car alternator||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3701-2005
|Car starter motor||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3708-2005
|Lead-acid battery for car start||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-464213-2014|
|Car exhaust muffler||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1201-2010A
|Triangular warning sign||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3926-2016A
|Automotive air conditioning refrigeration unit||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-8100-2021|
|Refrigeration compressor for automobile air conditioner||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-8103:2021|
|Automotive air-conditioning (HFC-134a) hoses and hose assemblies||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-8108-2006A|
|Automotive air-conditioning (HFC-134a) seals||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-8125-2011|
|Thermal expansion valve for automobile air conditioner (HFC-134a)||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-8106-2003
|Liquid storage dryer for automobile air conditioner (HFC-134a)||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-8109-2003
|Liquid gas separator for automobile air conditioner (HFC-134a)||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-8122-2003
|Air conditioning equipment of Motor Vehicles||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-491295-2018|
|Automobile Brakes||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3501-2011B
|Brake master cylinder||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3505-2009A
|Shock absorber||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-2905-2010A
|Automotive connectors||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-471842-2010|
|Automobile universal joint cross shaft assembly||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-491275-2010|
|Automobile hub bearing||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-491274-2010|
|Constant velocity joint for automobile and its assembly||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-491273-2010|
|Vehicle power battery||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-3703:2020|
|Power Batteries Used in Vehicle||Voluntary Certificate||CQC12-464221-2017|
|Battery and charger for electric bicycle||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-464204:2021|
|Road vehicles and components (ESA)||Voluntary Certificate||CQC15-491103-2018|
|Passenger car tire pressure monitoring system||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-491277-2018|
|Car speedometer||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-482643-2018|
|brake linings for automobiles||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-491278-2019|
|Reflective vest for motor vehicle passengers||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-267111-2021|
|Automotive LiDAR||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-474031-2022|
|DC/DC Converter for Electric Vehicles||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-491279-2022|
|Functional Safety of Road vehicles||Voluntary Certificate||CQC11-491104-2022|
|Automotive V belt||Voluntary Certificate||CQC16-362421-2010|
|Fuel cell stack for fuel cell electric vehicle||Voluntary Certificate||CQC11-464121-2020|
|Electric bicycle non-metallic materials and parts||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-5561-2019|
|Reflective undershirt for automobile occupants||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-28225:2021|
|Rubber and plastic sealing strips for automobiles||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-5206-2009A|
|Reflector for Bicycle||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-499420:2020|
|Automotive Covering Parts (Plastic Parts)||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-CAMRA-004:2020|
|Electric bicycle occupant helmet||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-369711:2021|
|High-strength bolts and nuts for automobiles||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-9001-2012|
|Wire rope assemblies for cranes||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3907-2018|
|Earthmoving machine dump truck||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-0009-2014|
|Internal Combustion Engine Connecting Rod||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1004-2011|
|Automobile engine oil pump||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1011-2003|
|Internal combustion engine valve spring||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1040-2010|
|Diesel engine fuel injection device||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1111-2011B|
|Truck-mounted crane||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-43521：2019|
|Emergency and Standby Diesel Generating Set||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-469120：2021|
|Car reversing alarm||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3776-2003|
|Automotive Central Electrical Junction Box||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-4016-2004|
|Car signal flasher||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-4136-2003|
|Automotive glass lifter||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-5204-2012C|
|Bicycle lighting and light signal device||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-469130：2020|
|Instruments for automobiles and motorcycles||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3800-2008A|
|Automotive Green Products-Passenger Cars||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-0010-2017|
|Automotive Green Products-Pure Electric Passenger Cars||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-0011-2017|
|Automotive Green Products-Plug-in Hybrid Electric Passenger Cars||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-0012-2017|
|Air filters for automobiles||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1109-2008B|
|Gas Vehicle Special Parts||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1151-2010A|
|Automotive Engine Cooling Water Pump||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1307-2003|
|Auto Fan and Fan Clutch||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1308-2008B|
|Automotive dry friction clutch||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1601-2005|
|Automotive mechanical transmission assembly||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-1700-2011|
|Automotive Drive Shaft Assemblies||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-2200-2012|
|Automotive Half-shaft||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-2303-2003|
|Automotive Drive Axle||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-2400-2003|
|Automotive Steel Plate Spring Assembly||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-2901-2010|
|Automotive front axle||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3000-2003|
|Automotive mechanical steering gear||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3401-2003|
|Brake Discs for Automobiles||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-3503:2020|
|Automotive Vacuum Booster||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3510-2003|
|Air dryer for automotive air brake system||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-3555-2003|
|Passenger door pump for passenger car||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-6711-2003|
|Auto sun visor||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-8204-2006|
|Motorcycle exhaust muffler||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SBM-1208-2009A|
|Motorcycle shock absorber||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SBM-2905-2007|
|Motorcycle wheels||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SBM-3101-2011B|
|Motorcycle Rims||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SBM-3113-2010B|
|Motorcycle Brakes||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SBM-3501-2007|
|Motorcycle cable||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SBM-3570-2003|
|Motorcycle Anti-theft Device||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SBM-3778-2003|
|Auto Air Conditioner Filter||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-1109:2019|
|Electric Bicycle Controller||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-499422:2020|
|Car lifting tailgate||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-491293:2020|
|Frame, Fork and Handle of Electric Bicycle||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-49942:2021|
|Energy-saving and Environment-friendly Cars||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-0014-2014C|
|Webbings for Safety Belts||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-SB-5811-2017|
|Engines of Non-road Mobile Machinery||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-431100:2022|
|Parts of Baby Carriage products||Voluntary Certificate||CCAP-GZ-499421:2022|