Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)27. February 2023
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) of the People’s Republic of China was founded in 2008. It emerged from the Ministry of Information and Industry and expanded its function and areas of responsibility. As the sixth largest ministry, it reports directly to the State Council of the People’s Republic and is responsible for the administration of China’s industry and IT companies.
The Ministry’s main areas of responsibility include:
- Determining China’s industrial planning, policies and standards.
- Supervising the daily operation of industries
- Promoting the development of key technological equipment and innovations in the communications sector
- Managing the development of information systems
- Protecting China’s information security
Other powers include the regulation and development of postal services, internet, wireless data transmission, TV and radio broadcasting, transmission of communications, production of electronic and IT products, software industry, and promotion of national inventiveness and innovation. The MIIT also includes the State Administration of Science, Technology and Defence Industry and the Information Office of the State Council. From its history, the MIIT was also responsible for the control of tobacco products. However, this area of responsibility was transferred to the National Health Commission as part of a major administrative reform in 2018. Under the “One Institution – Two Names” agreement, the MIIT represents the external branches of the China National Space Administration (CNSA) and the China Atomic Energy Administration (CAEA).
The MIIT is responsible for MIIT test reports (Gonggao).